Submitted by aniko.makkai-k… on

Feedback is the means by which the teacher informs each student about his/her learning and the link between the current state of his/her learning and the expected objectives (Rodet, 2000). It is a moment of "stepping back" which should facilitate progress and prepare for future assessment.

It is a powerful tool that can influence, positively or negatively, students' motivation and self-esteem.

Ideally, feedback should be given within a reasonable timeframe, fairly soon after an assessment or exercise, individually or collectively depending on the size of the group and the time available.

  • Group size: Small Group, Medium Group, Large Group
  • Equipment needed: No special equipment
  • Type of class: During Lecture, In Classroom
  • Grouping: Individual, Small Groups, Full Group
  • Objective: Acquire content and/or method,
  • Lenght: Variable
  • Keywords: Tool, Feedback, Motivation, Self-Assessment, Peer Tutoring

Good feedback is built up by clearly expressing

  1. the expected requirements in relation to the course objectives
  2. the evaluation criteria, making sure that everyone understands them
  3. mistakes that are part of the normal learning process
  4. concrete comments indicating which skills can be further developed,

Finally, it is not only the teacher who can provide feedback to the student. 

Here are some examples of Feedback type:

Anticipatory feedback: The teacher suggests commenting on previous years' papers using the criteria grid that will be used this year.

General feedback: The teacher records a video with general comments on the assessment: what worked/what a majority of students had problems with and why/what needs to be worked on to progress.

Self-assessment: Suggest to the student that he/she is the first assessor! They should be introduced to this type of practice by getting them used to marking themselves or giving themselves a written assessment of their work, and why not on their exam paper, where a space could be reserved for this self-evaluation. In this way, the teacher and the student can measure the difference between their assessments.

Peer feedback: Encourage students to work in small groups of different levels to discuss their results with each other and to give feedback themselves.

Feedback in response: Ask them to write specific questions following the assessment and after the feedback, which you can answer either live or via an LMS such as Moodle or Claroline.